Different Types of Perimeter Security Systems - What Does Your Facility Need? | All Security Equipment

It is true that every property, be it commercial or residential, has its own unique security challenges. While it can be rightly argued that each one of these facilities needs its own type of perimeter security system, there really isn't a one-size-fits-all option here.

When it comes to perimeter security systems, there are many different options. The type your facility needs will truly depend on the facility itself and the unique security challenges it faces.

A recreational park won't need the same kind of perimeter security system as an industrial park, and neither will a residential home. This isn't to say that there aren't many perimeter security systems that will overlap in each of these properties.

So, which perimeter security system does your facility need?

Different Types of Perimeter Security Systems

Perimeter security systems are essentially your first line of defense. These systems are designed to protect and monitor the outer limits of your property. The right kind of perimeter protection will help you avoid any access by unauthorized people, but it will also act as a deterrent to any would-be intruders.

Let's take a quick look at some of the different types of perimeter security systems today.

Electric Fences

A step up from traditional barbed wire fences, electric fences are electrified and emit a shock (which can be fatal) when touched or when someone tries to cut through. There are electric fences designed to send an alert when they are tampered with or activate an alarm in the event of an intrusion.

Electric fences can cause fatal injuries, so you should take the time to find out whether or not you are allowed to have one in your specific area of residence or commercial property. You might need to have specific permits.

CCTV Security System

cctv technician working on camera outdoor during day time

Probably the most common type of perimeter security system besides an actual fence, CCTV stands for "closed-circuit television." This kind of security system involves strategically placing surveillance cameras targeting different areas around the property and entry points.

The positions of each surveillance camera are determined by an Intelligent Video Analysis to ensure that the entire property is captured on video.

CCTV cameras continuously record videos that are then saved on a device where they can be retrieved and analyzed in case there's a breach. Otherwise, security services constantly monitor the videos and watch for any intrusion attempt.

Many different types of cameras can be used, but the most common are:

  • Thermal
  • Domes
  • Conventional

The main type of connection is IP, as opposed to analog. This is where you can access the cameras remotely, and you have full control of your surveillance over the internet.

Access Control Systems

using door access control system with card

Access Control Systems are systems put in place to restrict entry into any property by the management. There are many different kinds of sophisticated access control systems that can be used to:

  • Allowing only authorized people into the compound
  • Restrict access to authorized personnel to certain areas of the facility or building
  • Register the movement of authorized personnel within the property

Access control systems can be in the form of maglocks, telephone entry systems, drive-through access control systems, etc. While these aren't exactly perimeter security systems per se, they help you keep the number of people who access the property to a minimum.

Fiber Optic Detection Systems

These systems detect any unauthorized presence on the property by using fiber optic cables. Fiber optic detection systems are best used on extremely large properties where the fences and walls can't be fully monitored at all times.

Motion Sensors

These perimeter security systems are for highly sensitive properties where simply relying on a fence, CCTV cameras, and a gate access control system isn't enough. Motion sensors are designed to detect movement within the property as long as the section is covered by the sensors.

These sensors use infrared rays to detect movement, a temperature change, or even both. You can program your motion sensors to be fully active, which means that they are constantly emitting power and detecting any movement at any given time, or you could program them to be passive, only sending an alarm when there is movement or a temperature change.

Ground Radar Systems

Designed for specifically large properties, you can get a ground radar system that can detect the presence of intruders or even vehicles from as much as 1,500 meters (1,640 yards) or as little as 700 meters (766 yards). This type of system is ideal for factories or plants surrounded by open fields or places that cannot be fully protected by any other kind of perimeter security system.

Microwave Barriers

These are for highly sensitive facilities. Microwave barriers can detect the presence of an intruder even when they are hidden from CCTV cameras. Since these types of barriers don't need direct vision like infrared-based security systems, they are ideal for facilities with lots of hiding places.

Seismic Sensors

If you run a highly sensitive facility that could be vulnerable to intrusion from underground or from a hole being dug into the wall, you will probably need seismic sensors. These are designed to detect unusual vibrations in their field of action.

Seismic sensors can be programmed to different sensitivity levels and activate an alarm whenever someone tries to access your property, either by digging a hole in the wall or the ground. It's also sensitive to thermal lances that can be used to pass through concrete and steel.

There are many other types of perimeter security systems available on the market, each with a specific type of clientele. However, one of the best causes of action is combining a number of these systems to give your facility the best kind of protection they can offer.

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